What did your Country say at the UN CND 2012?

Use our alphabetical guide to find key speeches from your country. This has been formulated using information from the cndblog website.

Afghanistan (Plenary Day One)

Our evidence shows that there is a direct link between poppy cultivation and armed insurgent movements in Afghanistan.

There is a lot of development assistance by countries, including the US, provided to Afghanistan. These include rule of law, food, alternative livelihood and social programmes, which have been designed and implemented with efforts to protect local culture and take account of local conditions.

The rule of law programmes includes destruction of illicit crops, which are complemented by alternative livelihood programmes called Foodzone. By considering lessons learned in implementing the Foodzone programme in Helmand, we have designed new programmes in other provinces. As a result poppy cultivation has fallen. To help with the sustainability of this successful programme, we are seeking to incorporate the programme into our national budget.

We have shown that we can be free from the slavery of illicit drugs.

Afghanisatan (Roundtable A)

Shared Responsibility is again emphasised, illicit drugs are not a problem limited to one individual country. They agree that there is cultivation in Afghanistan, but the problem is multi-dimensional. There are many aspects, including demand, which is high within in the region with 9 million addicts in the region consuming drugs produced in Afghanistan. However Afghanistan is fighting against drug trafficking and this year there have been 65% more poppy fields eradicated than 2007. However they have to consider that demand as one of the strongest factors driving cultivation in Afghanistan.

Africa - West (Roundtable A)

All West African countries have become a hub a trafficking point for illicit drugs. They stress the importance of the reinsertion into society of people with current or previous problematic use of drugs after prison. They urge an integrated international program taking into account the trafficking of drugs and other illegal trafficking, which will allow us to ask for funds from other sources.

Another issue mentioned is the availability of street counterfeit medicines, everyday the police are seizing them; an hour later they are being sold again. These come from outside and it is an issue that needs to be addressed.

Algeria (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

We have made significant moves into tackling drugs supply including may non nationals. Cannabis remains the biggest problem in terms of drug that is used and trafficked. UNODC assistance is a priority so we can improve our national efforts.

Our delegation expressing concern that cannabis is still the most seized and used substance in Africa and last years session called for measures to set up our approach to tackling cannabis.

Argentina (Speech by Health Minister)

My sincere gratitude to you, and to the members of the Commission, for giving me the opportunity to address to the Plenary on this occasion. It is an honor to share with you some ideas at the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, which we believe is the appropriate framework for analysis, discussion and consensus building on issues that affect all our countries. Drug control, the fight against organized crime, and particularly the combat against illicit traffic, oblige us all, at a greater or lesser degree, to provide answers regarding health policy and criminal policy. And we all know that our efforts will be futile if we do not orchestrate a proper international cooperation. This Commission and UNODC give us the conceptual, regulatory and operational framework to carry out and improve this so necessary international cooperation, and therefore once again we reiterate our commitment and our active and responsible support for the tasks developed here. Let me comment briefly some aspects of the situation in Argentina.

President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner adopted a series of actions that are in progress and are focused on the care of addicts and in reducing drugs supply and demand to prevent use and abuse, according to the principle of shared responsibility. The task of inter-ministerial coordination and cooperation is central to this effort, which is enhanced by the federal framework of the Argentine system. The same applies to the existing coordination and cooperation mechanisms and patterns at the bilateral, sub regional and regional levels. We also incorporate civil society and NGOs in our public policy regarding drug control.

One of the central challenges is to mitigate the effects of a particular drug: paco (coca paste), which impacts the most vulnerable social sectors, and that is slowly penetrating other more affluent classes. Mrs. Chair, We cannot let out that Argentina, and South America in general, has also become a country of consumption, so the State through their competent authorities is in a stage of reengineering means and mechanisms to combat more effectively the problem from this perspective. The government is in the task of transforming the right court, i.e. judicial decisions into positive law.

Simultaneously there is a firm conviction and determination to fight against all the chain of illegal drugs, such as cocaine or synthetic drugs. In the South American region effort are coordinates and examined in greater detail between national and regional bodies to enhance surveillance of potential diversion of chemical precursors, also aiming to improve data regarding importation of products of interest to drug trafficking, linking databases, and advancing comptroller of potential front companies. Argentina adequately meets all its obligations arising from treaties that structure what we usually call the "institutional / legal system of drug control and the fight against drug trafficking". Regarding this issue, we should perhaps analyze if, after decades and considering the results achieved so far, time has not arrived to start an open debate on the consistency and effectiveness of some of the provisions contained in those treaties.

Mrs. Chair, I finally will like to highlight the issue of drug control and human rights. In 2008 this Commission approved the Resolution 51/12, a pioneer in this matter and in 2010 the Executive Director of UNODC presented the report "Drug Control, Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: A Human Rights Perspective" as CRP, CRD only in English. I think we should come back on this subject in following sessions to analyze whether there has been progress in the practical implementation of human rights in the field of drug control, both by States and the UNODC in their activities.

Austria (Plenary on Demand Reduction and Treatment)

Want to address new psychoactive substances. The internet creates new challenges in tackling these substances. We have a new law put in place to respond to this phenomenon which aims to act against profits made on these substances.

A risk assessment mechanism is being put in place with other prevention measures for specific target groups. We need cooperation among all states to really tackle this problem. Demand reduction is a crucial role and can only really work with full international cooperation.

Brazil (Plenary Day Two)

The drug problem is worse in border areas. As a result, a border strategic plan was established in 2011 between national and local level governments, targeting border trafficking activities. It has led to large seizures of cannabis and cocaine.

The inflow of crack has been an increasing concern, and we have pulled together multiple agencies to develop actions to combat abuse and trafficking of crack.

Another new development is the National Support Penitentiary Programme – designed to direct state actions towards humanising the penitentiary system. Funds have been invested in building new penitentiary systems and training staff to protect the human rights of detainees.

We appeal for the commitment and cooperation of our colleagues, which can be strengthened by technical assistance provided by UNODC.

Chile (Roundtable A)

Work is being done and progress has been made. However, we can do better. Shared responsibility and cooperation increases effectiveness of addressing drug issues.

Producer, consumer and transit countries must all work together in real time in joint operations, investigations etc... must be encouraged and strengthened through timely and up to date knowledge sharing covering all aspects of drug trafficking.

We need to analyse ways to improve up to date information sharing in this round table including the involvement of the UNODC.

China (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

According to the Chinese delegation the drug situation faced by china does not encourage optimism.

The delegation state that for China the Golden Triangle is the main source of heroin and also synthetic drugs, but also the Golden Crescent accounts for a lot of the heroin entering the country. China states that it is punishing criminals to reduce drug supply and also improving legislation to stop the diversion of precursors. Unfortunately according to the delegations opium cultivation in the Golden Triangle has increased but China has confidence that the UN are combating the problem with its initiatives. China wants the cooperation of all member states to create a drug free world.

China (Plenary Day Two)

The Chinese delegation states that in recent years ketamine abuse has become a serious problem, especially in South and South East Asia. In mainland China ketamine abuse ranks third after cocaine and methamphetamine. According to the delegation many countries find it difficult to combat the trafficking of ketamine because it is not controlled by international conventions. In China ketamine is listed as a first class psychotropic substance and there are harsh punishments for ketamine trafficking.

China (Roundtable A)

The drug problem becomes all the more complex and countries need to explore new ways of cooperation. First, countries should continue to adhere to shared responsibility and implement more pragmatic cooperation in implementing a new drug strategy and plan of action. We should collectively tackle the new challenges of the global drug problem.

Countries should implement sustained efforts at the national level as well, strengthen the sharing of information and law enforcement cooperation, and strengthen networks of companies in charge of manufactories of drugs to prevent diversion of drugs. We should implement balanced drug controlled measures and share experience in demand reduction and explore and apply widely treatment and rehabilitation measures. Countries where drug consumption is higher should have more responsibility in reducing drug use.

Alternative development and crop substitution should be intensified in the Golden Triangle and the Golden Crescent.

Colombia (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

Colombia has experienced devastating effects from the global drug problem. None the less Colombia has maintained its democratic regime and sound institutions. They state that they are having successes combating the drug problem and state they had the largest seizures of cocaine hydrochloride in the world, and have lowered coca cultivation by 60% however they are also expanding prevention measures and now they start being implemented at the primary school level. However they still must appeal to the international community for assistance.

Cote D'Ivoire (Demand Reduction and Treatment)

Young people is our priority and education is our main target. A whole range of other issues lead to drug use, such as armed conflict and government instability making the country very vulnerable to drug use. This has lead to a rise in HIV infections. The number of drug addicts has risen and we lack specialised facilities to treat them.

We appreciate the initiative by UNODC to support Africa’s growing drug issues. We need multi-sectoral aid in drug demand reduction.

Cuba (Plenary on Demand Reduction and Treatment)

Drug consumption isn’t a major problem, especially among young people because of the revolution and our education programs.

We have mass media strategies and our developing other strategies. The funds assigned to prevention measures are unstable and Cuba notes with concern that if we do not all unite with realism and political will to overcome poverty and marginalisation and support sustainable alternative development, we will not progress in tackling the drug problems.

Ecuador (Roundtable A)

The Ecuadorian representative states that a number of countries in a meeting last year in Bogota suggested a program to provide alternative development as a way to combat the drug problem. By promoting alternative crops in poorer areas and giving poor farmers an alternative to cultivating illicit drugs. Ecuador also states the need to promote the idea of shared responsibility. Simple prevention or interdiction is not sufficient.

They urge the need to put our minds together to come up with an alternative approach.

El Salvador (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

The El Salvadorian delegation states that the drug issue is a vast problem and its various implications have an effect on health, security and social harmony. Approved in 2011 a new national drug strategy working in a balanced fashion on demand reduction as well as supply reduction. This national commitment does require political support and technical assistance.

France (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

Faced with the global drug problem France is convinced of the need to work on both demand reduction and supply reduction and recognise the threat to security of drug trafficking. They state that in 2012 France will launch a new initiative particularly directed at drug trafficking in West Africa, aiming to build capacity in the region. They are also implementing initiatives to look at new drug trafficking routes in the region.

France (Plenary Day Two)

France states that although it is important to reduce the use of drugs in society, a world without drugs is an illusion.

They highlight the new threat of new substances and the increasing trend of buying these new substances on the Internet and that it is an imperative to protect their citizens from this threat. They also stress that drug addicts must be taken care of and that access to care for drug addicts should be a human right. They also highlight the importance of fighting against overdoses and HIV.

Germany (Plenary Day Two)

Germany highlights the challenge of legal highs and stresses the importance of greater analysis. Who brings them to the market? What are their effects? And what dangers to they pose in consumers? To combat this new threat there needs to be more sharing of information. Germany also highlights the important role that civil society plays in combating the drug problem.

Honduras (Plenary Day One)

Our situation is dynamic. Transnational crime is changing fast and replacing traditional forms of crime. It is causing violence and destabilizes society. It is therefore important to seek to reduce demand and supply, and to tackle associated crimes such as through anti-money laundering measures is particularly important.

Honduras is taking steps to improve legal and other structures to combat drugs and crime. We are grateful for help by the UNODC and Central American security strategy structures, with drugs as a key component given the violence in the region. We seek to have a region with strengthened policies, including programmes to respond to juvenile and gender violence.

We are also pleased that a Central American institution has been set up that includes a network of prosecutors and centre of excellence in the Dominican Republic.

There could be no development without security and no security without development. Therefore by tackling illicit drugs and associated crime, we can better meet the Millenium Development Goals.

India (Roundtable A)

The concept of common and shared responsibility is fully accepted. The challenge we have to address is becoming technological advances we are facing. In India we have had excellent cooperation with all member states.

Ketamine is a major issue for us and we have notified ketamine as a psychotropic substance. We agree with Iran and Pakistan about questioning what are the operational definitions of shared responsibilities. In india we have rewarded informers and this has been very effective.

Indonesia (Plenary on demand reduction and supply)

We are committed to all UNOC measures to address demand and supply reduction. Treatment and rehabilitation are part of our comprehensive approach and we are building lots of new rehabilitation centres

Iran (Plenary Day Two)

The concerning data on drug and precursor production in Afghanistan raises questions as to the reasons behind the persistence of high production levels. For example, the effectiveness of the alternative livelihood programmes for farmers should be questioned.

In Iran, the drug control programme continues to focus on interdiction supply of illicit drugs, particularly opium, heroin and crystal methamphetamine. Iran has also made efforts to strengthen regional cooperation, especially triangular cooperation with Pakistan and Afghanistan. Iran also welcomes training programmes on harm reduction.

We make the following proposal to enforce the global fight on drugs: necessity of a strengthened approach in Afghanistan focussed on social and economic aspects and destroying laboratories producing precursor chemicals.

Iran (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

Iran states that regretfully the lack of equipment which has made it hard for countries neighboring Afghanistan to stop heroin coming out of Afghanistan.

Italy (Plenary on Demand Reduction and Treatment)

Interventions must limit time of drug exposure especially in children and young people. We need a balanced approach and recovery should be the primary strategy taking into account the human rights of all to be treated properly

Japan (Plenary Day Two)

Japan says that illicit use of ketamine and synthetic cannaboids are a serious problem in Japan and the Asian region. They urge that these substances should be controlled globally. They request support for Resolution L2 - Promoting international cooperation in responding to new psychoactive substances.

Laos (Plenary Day One)

Laos has been successful in significantly reducing opium poppy cultivation, reducing cultivation areas by 94% and to reduce opium addiction by over 80%. This achievement can be attributed to political will to put an end to this scourge to our society. We are grateful to the UNODC and generous countries that helped contribute to this effort. 6 years after the historical declaration, opium poppy cultivation had been increasing year by year. At the same time the trafficking of marijuana and ATS has been increasing, demonstrated by an unprecedented seizure of 24million ATS tablets in 2010. Vulnerable areas include the region around the Mekong river.

The abuse of drugs has posed a burden on the treatment and health services of our country. There are 2 measures that must be taken simultaneously to effectively tackle drug problem: continue implementing the 9 pillars of the drug strategy established by the government and UNODC in 2009, and to strengthen collaboration with neighbouring countries on tackling trafficking. Other mechanisms of regional cooperation include ASEAN.

Lebanon (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

The Lebanese delegation state that they have the goal of making Lebanon free of all illicit crops and they aim to do this through alternative development.

Mexico (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

Mexico’s experience has demonstrated the complexity of the drugs issue. Their unlimited coming to grips with the problem and their new strategy has 3 main elements:

• Revamping of law enforcement and judicial institutions at a federal state and municipal level.

• Rebuilding of the social fabric of communities.

• Containing the action of criminal groups

Amongst other activities, the Mexican authorities are updating and amending legislation of our federal laws involving precursors. The Mexican health authorities are designing monitoring programs for pharmaceutics in order to avoid misuse addiction and diversion for illicit uses. They are also starting an initiative to research illicit cultivation.

Mexico (Plenary Day Two)

Mexico consider the reconstruction of social fabric as an important tactic in the fight against drug trafficking.

Morocco (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

According to the delegation Morocco is a trafficking hub of cannabis. However from 2003 cannabis cultivation has been reduced 65%. Since 2009 the delegation claim they have set up a program for alternative development as a process of a change of the mentality of these people. They stress that deeper penalization policies do affect the efforts made by Morocco in the fight against cannabis. They also highlight that more and more coke is being trafficked in Africa.

Morocco (Roundtable A)

Morocco since 2005 has pursued a strategy focused on 3 pillars:

• Fighting cannabis cultivation

• Fighting trafficking

• Demand reduction

Morocco has reduced cannabis cultivation by 65% and every year Morocco is detaining more individuals for trafficking offences.

Shared Responsibility must be something that involves respect for ideologies specific to individual international countries. Morocco also stresses the importance for international cooperation and mutual legal cooperation, setting up joint groups internationally to combat drug trafficking.

Netherlands (Plenary on Demand Reduction and Treatment)

The Eu and the Dutch policies include prevention, harm reduction and rehabilitation. All aspects are vital and must work together. All interventions must strive for evidence based approaches which reduce harm and drug related diseases. Human rights must be adhered too. Public health approaches must adopt prevention treatment and harm reduction. We must focus on youth drug use and encompass e-learning.

Abstinence often isn’t a feasible goal. A comprehensive package including needle syringe exchanges and opiate treatment are vital. Our approach is effective and evidence based. Our coffee shop approach removes a criminal element and is restricted to many people. These establishments abide by strict regulations and we are now limiting drug tourism and drug crime.

New policy on coffee shops: Will be private clubs, maximum of 2000 members. 18+ and only for Dutch nationals and nowhere near a school. 50% THC cannabis is now going to carry more severe punishments. Drug crime measures have been intensified.

Nigeria (Roundtable A)

Nigeria recognises the statement made by South Africa about diversion of substances like ephedrine, Nigeria would like to mention that they have closed 2 labs in the last one and a half years and have apprehended multiple consignments of precursors. They would like to propose 3 approaches measures to prevent diversion:

  • The problematic issue for countries is in making clear estimations about how much precursors are needed for legitimate medical uses. We need to build effective collaboration between government organisations non-governmental organisations and international organisations. This will go to provide appropriate intelligence and data, especially looking at the supply chain.
  • The second measure is capacity building, guarding the supply chain is multi-task and that capacity should be in the regulatory process.
  • The third measure is funding. Nigeria states that the UNODC needs to lobby member countries to get adequate funding.

Pakistan (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

This year we have become poppy free. However, in terms of heroin, we have seized about 5% of what passes through Pakistan. Since the first convention opium of 1912, drug use has considerably increased.

The idea of legalising drugs should be looked at and there is a need for a study from the UNODC to see whether we are fighting a losing battle. The battle against drugs is a losing battle and there are undertones to this battle which very negative effects.

It seems this battle cannot be won. We will continue address supply side policies and are committed to a drug free world

Pakistan (Roundtable A)

In order to achieve success in fighting drugs, tough decisions have to be taken. Supply reduction has to be at the forefront. You must quantify the principle of shared responsibility. You should agree to put in place decisions on how shared responsibility can be quantified.

Police force equipment and technical aid won’t give you any success. It comes from informers. We should consider an informers fund at the international level, and a committee for quantifying the principle of shared responsibility.

Philippines (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

Our new policy enacted in 2002 is a strong development of our supply side approach. We have made substantial gains with significant arrests of methamphetamine traffickers. Many networks with links to Latin America and South Asia have been uncovered. We have many routes for trafficking including airports, seaports and large coasts through which traffickers can use. Cooperation with US agencies have been very effective.

International cooperation is vital . we have good bilateral cooperation and it is assured that we are abiding by international agreements with we are signatories too.

Poland (Roundtable A)

Poland is a transhipment country. My question is: who is responsible for this situation? Is it only one country in Asia? We should start our consideration of shared possibility on a single question: evidence based policy, and consider our country to cause problem for other countries in a particular region. We need to harmonise better international efforts but within each country.

To answer to the question from UNODC (which specific actions must be undertaken in years to come): opiates are the main problem, but I would like to draw your attention to ‘designers drugs’. In Poland, there are big problems related to legal highs. We tested a number of samples on legal highs. Only 17 samples contain only 1 substance. Most contain more substances. The result shows that these substances pose an important danger for society. The products are also of very low quality, and people start mixing different substances, including pharmaceutical drugs. We should take under consideration the future of drug policy with regards to legal highs.

Portugal (Plenary on Demand Reduction and Treatment)

Remains committed to shared responsibility. Our policy is balanced between supply and demand, including harm reduction, drug prevention and supply reduction and under the policy of decriminalisation.

Our policy is based on humanism and pragmatism, reducing health and social consequences. High level of health and well being is key. Decriminalisation since 2001, though maintains drug use as illicit behaviour. Treatment key. Commission are preventative interventions. Personal circumstances key. This law is demand reduction by sending drug users to treatment.

The Portuguese policy has gained international visibility including from government and advocacy groups. Our results show positive evolution on most indicators. Decrease of all drugs among young people. Less cases in the penal system. More users in treatment. Less intravenous drug users and drug related infections .

Decriminalisation created a legal framework, is part of a comprehensive approach. The implementation of harm reduction measures protect users and society as a whole. EU drug strategy is positive evidence of harm reduction. Reducing drug use by improving these measures are the pragmatic aims of our policy. Economic crisis places more problems for vulnerable groups. We assure unodc that the international community must tackle all aspects of the world drug problem.

Russia (Plenary Day One)

In the 10.5 years since the commencement of operations in Afghanistan, many people have died. And despite drug control programmes, high numbers of people are addicted. Research has shown that children are ‘doomed’ because of the high rates of addiction among them. The reduction in funding in the next few years will further worsen the problem. We are leaving one of the weakest states to fight this ‘drug tsunami’. We call on the international community to help eliminate drugs in Afghanistan, to eliminate the ‘planetary centre of drugs’ in our world.

We call for a balanced approach to drug control, and remind countries of the right to development and need to stimulate social and economic development. The conventional method of alternative development has been a ‘poor relation’ of drug control, eg handing out bags of wheat by US soldiers in return for promises to halt development, and has not been effective. This is an insult to our intelligence.

New technology and infrastructure may be the main source required to drive social and economic development. We propose a number of actions needed for Afghanistan, including a dedicated development agency, construction of a gas pipeline which can supply a livelihood that can drive out drug production – Russia can undertake this construction and already has plans to do so, as well as in surrounding countries, and an interactive map showing sites of drug production which can be entered by anyone around the world.

Russia (Plenary Day Two)

Russia appreciates the work of the UNODC in the fight against drug trafficking and organised crime. The delegation believes that there needs to be increased funding, especially in central Asia, to combat organised crime and also terrorism.

Saudi Arabia (Plenary Day Two)

The kingdom of Saudi Arabia states that they have been able to tackle the problem of drugs and psychotropic substances in society. And point out that in 2011 they were able to seize over 67 million tablets of ecstasy, more than 33 tonnes of hashish, over 111 kilos of heroin, more than 67 kilos of cocaine and more than 36 million tablets of Captagon. In regards to addict they state that they have enhanced facilities and have had over 600 lectures on the importance of narcotic drugs. However they urge the need for more support from the international community.

Senegal (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

According to the Senegalese delegation Indian hemp cannabis is the most abused drug amongst the population. They have few cocaine consumers but lots of cocaine being trafficked through the country and this increases consumption, there is political will to combat it but despite their efforts it is increasing. Senegal is increasing its cooperation with member states especially those of the European Union aiding the dismantling of international networks.

On prevention, care and treatment of drug abusers, this is born of civil society, historically long time prevention was undertaken by NGO’s, but a specific ministry has been set up to look at the problems of young people and drugs. There will be a whole week of awareness heightening activities and the ministry of health is working to combat HIV with the UNODC and promote harm reduction measures especially among IDU’s. They stress that for this to expand they need experts and physicians and international cooperation is required.

Spain (Plenary Day 1)

It is not enough to have a good prevention and treatment policy. While both are important, rehabilitation is also critical, to help individuals reintegrate into society so that they be constructive members and active participants of society. Spain is absolutely committed to rehabilitation. International cooperation is also one of the prime components of Spain’s strategy.

I specifically refer to COPOLAD, funded wholly by the European Union, led by Spain. This programmed has completed the first year and we will report on it in our side events later this week.

Sri Lanka (Plenary on Demand Reduction and Treatment)

Our national control board is very effective in its cooperation with the INCB. South Asia continues to be a transit route for many substances and we welcome the INCB’s call to focus efforts on this areas.

Concern about terrorist groups using drug trafficking to finance activities is a big concern. We want total abstinence in our country. Drug prevention programs have been very effective and want to strengthen our commitment to work with the INCB

Switzerland (Plenary Day Two)

Former president of Switzerland Ruth Dreifuss states that it is important must make sure that drug law enforcement measures do not make it impossible to implement harm reduction measures. She also urges the UNODC to convey to those member states that have signed the relevant protocols to abolish capital punishment.

Thailand (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

The Thailand delegation state that sustainable alternative development can serve as a way to combat the cultivation of illicit crops and that law enforcement alone cannot solve the problem. To achieve long-term success they state it is important to create infrastructure to support alternative development.

Thailand (Roundtable A)

We need to encourage a more considered effort to tackle drugs. It is vital that the rule of law is abided by at all time.

Encouraging shared responsibly is vital and cooperation is important and we are willing and are committed to working with other international partners.

We will share our experiences and want to express the importance of alternative development in tackling the drug problems.

Turkey (Roundtable A)

Turkey calls for international effort to help Iraq in its capacity to combat drug trafficking as well as the forgery of documents that aide the illicit drug trade.

United Kingdom (Plenary Day Two)

The UK delegation states that it is currently refreshing its national drug policy, and one of the key achievements is to move to a recovery-based approach.

In the last 2 years the delegation states that they have seen the threat of legal highs and that they pose a challenge to them. Since January 2011 the UK has identified 12 new substances, and have established new forensic systems to analyse these new substances. They stress the need to educate potential users of these substances; especially young people and they will shortly be publishing a new psychoactive substance action plan.

United Kingdom (Plenary on demand reduction and treatment)

Very concerned by HIV epidemics. Sertile injecting equipment a major issue we address. We need to reduce transmission among idu’s. UK wants evidence based treatment. Providing opiate treatment, needle syringe programs and A.R.T are key. Countries who have used these interventions have brought infections near to zero. We want much more of this. We also want to focus on recovery as way of tackling drug use.

United States (Plenary Day 1)

Some aspects of our approach need to change. We have been historically reliant on incarceration, too slow to build a prevention system, not provided support for those in need of recovery and employed harsh rhetoric. We now want to develop a new strategy that sees addiction as a disease, and tries to break the cycle of crime associated with drugs. Addiction is a disease, people can recover, and a new strategy is needed to address addiction and associated crime. Intervention is particularly needed at the early stage of addiction, and is more cost effective.

It has not been the conventions that have blocked or delayed us from launching evidence-based interventions, because the conventions provide enough flexibility and lay the ground for a sophisticated approach to a complicated problem. We have learned over the past few decades that legalisation is not the answer, it is because we recognise drug addiction as a public health issue that we do not support legalisation. For example, the abuse of prescription drugs is a big problem and one of the leading causes of death in the US. I ask those who seek to dismantle the drug conventions to join us instead in updating the conventions according to scientific information, believing that human rights are an integral part of drug strategies. Children using illicit drugs must have their human rights protected.

Let’s do better and work together to modernise policies that reduce drug use and protect the health and safety of our citizens.

United States (Plenary on demand reduction and treatment)

We emphasise a balanced approach to the national drug problem. The US is a committed leader in demand reduction and spent 11.6 billion USD is spent on reducing drug demand. We are worried about prescription abuse and need to develop initiative to stop drug driving through new laws and policies. We support naloxone by a variety of medical and emergency services. It should be used in recovery orientated public health systems. We support needle exchange programs that offer IDU treatment.

Venezuela (Plenary on Supply Reduction)

The Venezuelan delegation is of the view that despite the stepped up efforts the global drug problem still threatens mankind.

Venezuela is concerned that the cultivation of illicit crops, continues at high levels and they quote the text in the conventions that state that member states must assist transit and producer countries. They need support stopping drugs entering their country as well as being transited out.

The time has come to a more a more humane way to treat the problems caused by drugs and Venezuela wants to expand access to treatment. Venezuela also welcomes the Bolivian reservation and they highlight Bolivia’s continued dedication in combating drug trafficking and remind us of Bolivia’s petition for assistance in this regard. The Venezuelan delegation also make a plea not to politicize the fight against drugs and state that that they are disturbed by the security minded approach to combating global trafficking, and it should not be used as immediate reason for punitive military action. They stress that the security minded approach could distort the way we are tackling this problem and that the Security Council is not the adequate to deal with this issue. They point out that progress in Latin America has been made due to international cooperation at the regional level.

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